suppose - assume

suppose - assume
If you suppose that something is the case, you think it is probably the case.

I suppose it was bound to happen.

I suppose he left fairly recently.

If you assume that something is the case, you are fairly sure that it is the case, and act as if it were the case.

I assumed that he had started working as soon as he left.

When you have a language degree, people assume that you speak the language fluently.

You do not say that someone supposes or assumes `something to be' the case.
'don't suppose'
Instead of saying that you suppose something is not the case, you usually say that you don't suppose that it is the case.

I don't suppose you would be prepared to stay in Edinburgh?

'I suppose so'
If someone says that something is the case, or asks you whether something is the case, you can say `I suppose so' as a way of agreeing with them or saying `yes'. When you say `I suppose so', you are indicating that you are uncertain or unenthusiastic about something.

`So it was worth doing?' —-`I suppose so.'

Note that you do not say `I suppose it'.
'I suppose not'
Similarly, you can agree with a negative statement or question by saying `I suppose not'.

`It doesn't often happen.' —-`No, I suppose not.'

'suppose' used as a conjunction
You can use suppose as a conjunction when you are considering a possible situation or action and trying to think what effects it would have.

Suppose we don't say a word, and somebody else finds out about it.

Supposing can be used in a similar way.

Supposing something should go wrong, what would you do then?

'be supposed to'
If something is supposed to be done, it should be done because of a rule, instruction, or custom.

You are supposed to report it to the police as soon as possible.

I'm not supposed to talk to you about this.

If something is supposed to be true, people generally think that it is true.

The hill was supposed to be haunted by a ghost.

She was supposed to be very good as an actress.

Note that you do not say that something `is suppose to' be done or be true.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • suppose — [sə pōz′] vt. supposed, supposing [ME supposen < MFr supposer, to suppose, imagine, altered (infl. by poser: see POSE1) < ML supponere, to suppose, assume < L, to put under, substitute < sub ,SUB + ponere: see POSITION] 1. to assume… …   English World dictionary

  • assume — as·sume vt as·sumed, as·sum·ing 1: to voluntarily take upon oneself assume a risk 2: to take over (the debts or obligations of another) as one s own assume a mortgage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • Suppose — Sup*pose , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Supposed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Supposing}.] [F. supposer; pref. sub under + poser to place; corresponding in meaning to L. supponere, suppositum, to put under, to substitute, falsify, counterfeit. See {Pose}.] 1. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Assume — As*sume , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assumed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Assuming}.] [L. assumere; ad + sumere to take; sub + emere to take, buy: cf. F. assumer. See {Redeem}.] 1. To take to or upon one s self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • suppose — [v1] assume, guess accept, admit, brainstorm, calculate, conjecture, cook up*, dare say*, deem, divine, dream, estimate, expect, figure, go out on a limb*, grant, guesstimate*, hazard a guess*, hypothesize, imagine, infer, judge, opine, posit,… …   New thesaurus

  • assume — assume, presume 1. Both words can mean ‘suppose’ and are often interchangeable in this meaning. Fowler (1926) maintained that there is a stronger element of postulation or hypothesis in assume and of a belief held on the basis of external… …   Modern English usage

  • assume — [ə so͞om′, əsyo͞om′] vt. assumed, assuming [ME assumen < L assumere, to take up, claim < ad , to + sumere, to take: see CONSUME] 1. to take on or put on (the appearance, form, role, etc. of) 2. to seize; usurp [to assume control] 3. to take …   English World dictionary

  • assume — [v1] believe, take for granted accept, ascertain, be afraid, be inclined to think, conclude, conjecture, consider, count upon, deduce, deem, divine, estimate, expect, fall for, fancy, find, gather, get the idea*, guess, have a hunch*, have… …   New thesaurus

  • suppose — early 14c., to assume as the basis of argument, from O.Fr. supposer to assume, probably a replacement of *suppondre (influenced by O.Fr. poser put, place ), from L. supponere put or place under, from sub under + ponere put, place (see POSITION… …   Etymology dictionary

  • suppose — ► VERB 1) think or assume that something is true or probable, but without proof. 2) (of a theory or argument) assume or require that something is the case as a precondition. 3) (be supposed to do) be required or expected to do. ORIGIN Latin… …   English terms dictionary

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